What will be most effective?
OK. I’ll tackle that.
Encourage employers to provide child care on site.
Very effective. Possibly one of the most effective ideas for pre-school children. Parents are close in case of emergency or to facilitate breast-feeding of infants. Facility can be staffed to meet the basic employer’s staffing. No parental worries about getting to the child care on time.
Build child care centers supported by property taxes in school districts
Great for school age children. Potentially build it into existing schools so the children only move down the hall or to a different room on campus.
Make payments for day care or nannies tax deductible
Not as effective for low income families. Those who already pay little in income taxes would see little benefit.
Give day care workers and nannies a $30K tax deduction
Again has problems with low income workers, which is typical for day care and nanny work. Might be more effective as a much smaller direct payment to the worker.
Give stay at home parents a $10K tax deduction
Kind of doing that already with tax credits for children. And it only benefits people with enough income to use the deduction. Would not suggest this one.
Pay mothers $10K for having each baby
Not as a lump sum. Maybe a monthly payment for 2 or 3 or 5 years. I kind of like 5 or maybe 6 years, as that gets kids to school age.
Increase the annual deduction for dependent children to $10K each
Again, only benefits people with enough income to use the deduction. Not my preference.
Make educating children more affordable with better tuition programs
We already have free education from kindergarten through high school. So not sure what you’re talking about here. Maybe add free 1/2 day preschool for kids from 3 to kindergarten age. That’s one that would help new parents.
Basically, my approach would be more directed at the care itself rather than do anything through the tax system. My favorites are things like on site child care by employers or adding pre-school and after school programs on to existing schools.