But the bigger point is that NVDA has been derisked a lot while TLSA still has plenty of risk.
Looking at the risk/reward ratios, I see TSLA as preferable over NVDA. I own both, have for years, and recently added to both.
Financial risk: TLSA has been and continues to need to raise capital.
First, let’s be clear about the capital raises have been for: Growth. Tesla won’t need raise capital any more. It may, however, want to raise capital. With a quadruple in revenue expected next year, there will be billions of dollars of profit available to reinvest in the business. Still, Musk thinks big and so there may be some ginormous new opportunity for Tesla in which they want to invest that will take more than $4 Billion or so. But, I see that as a positive, expanding Tesla’s TAM and diversity of offerings.
NVidia doesn’t need that because they basically just make one thing - a chip, and don’t plan to do much beyond that (OK, they make boards with the chip, too).
What you see as a risk for TSLA, I see as positioning themselves to take advantage of future growth opportunities.
Market risk: NVDA dominates its markets with 90%+ market share.
Yeah, and for me, that limits the potential reward. It certainly expands the time in which the reward may happen. It’s not like there are ready and willing to buy customers lined up - the TAM has to expand and Nvidia has to be positioned to grow along with it, which could be tricky if where the market goes isn’t where Nvidia is best.
TLSA has a tiny share and must take share from competitors that fight hard.
That Tesla has a tiny share is an advantage. They don’t have to convince 15 million people to switch to EVs, they only need 400K next to switch next year (and maybe some of those are upgrading from lesser EVs, so not really switching).
I’ve already quoted Aswath Damodaran’s view of Tesla’s competition, which he views as a blessing for the company. OTOH, Nvidia’s competition is smart, savvy, and well financed. I’d much rather go up against GM or Fiat/Chrysler than against Google or Intel or even AMD. Tesla’s competition is being disrupted, Nvidia’s competition is already properly aligned.
It is still unclear what will happen while with NVDA we already know what has happened.
The future for Tesla is much more clear to me. They will sell 500K cars next year, and probably 700K or more the following year. They’ll start on Model Y, which many believe is a much more popular form factor (mid-size SUV versus 4-door sedan), and so will be selling over 1 million of them a year within 5 years. Tesla’s solar tile roof will be very popular and the waiting list will be continue (in other words, being production constrained, not demand constrained). Tesla will continue with wins in big storage projects. Who knows what the Tesla semi will bring to the table? And Tesla has a big moat with its worldwide SuperCharging network, making their products the only EVs suitable for long distance trips.
As for Nvidia, they have to fight off smart competition, with a pretty small moat (Cuda programming language). They have to keep their current business (chips for PC boards) growing while the new businesses, which are very small today, grow (servers, Automotive and AI). This is certainly do-able, but it’s not the slam dunk that I see in Tesla. Tesla only has some relatively mundane assembly line scale up tasks before it (and they have automotive experts with experience in place), while NVidia has a more challenging keep the current business ticking along while hoping the new markets grow at a good pace and in the direction they need them to.
It’s probable that both will succeed. However, I’m not only more sure about Tesla’s success, I believe the potential reward is much larger.