The attack has been going on for a while

https://www.zdnet.com/article/microsoft-these-hackers-are-ta…
Microsoft: These hackers are targeting emergency response and security organizations in Ukraine
Actinium, a hacking group linked to Russia's Federal Security Service (FSB), uses phishing emails as a way to infiltrate government, defense and security agencies.

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Cyber security book reported all of Ukraine uses pirated software. None of the security patches are installed. Hence they are easily vulnerable to a wide variety of attacks.

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