"While U.S. rail and labor leaders continue to debate whether autonomous (driverless) freight trains would or could operate safely in the United States — labor says ‘no,’ railroads say ‘yes’ — global mining company Rio Tinto began using AutoHaul™, the world’s first fully autonomous heavy haul railway system, in 2018. "
"Rio Tinto’s Pilbara region operations include 10,000 employees, 17 mines, four ports, three power stations, a network of 1,900 kilometers of track, 57 trains, 221 locomotives, 13,000 rail cars, eight rail-car dumpers, two rail yards and one integrated operations center. In 2022, the company transported more than 320 million tonnes of iron ore by rail, according to Mucciolo. "
"All locomotives were fitted with new safety technology including collision detection systems; automatic train protection technology that controls train speed to ensure adherence to speed limits; onboard video cameras to record the front view from the train; and on-board cameras allowing for constant monitoring from the operations center in Perth. All public grade crossings on the network were fitted with CCTV cameras. There are 42 such crossings on the region’s rail network. "