Clean Fuels & Products Shot™: Alternative Sources for Carbon-based Products

To significantly reduce the negative impacts of greenhouse gas emissions (GHGs) from carbon-based fuels and products critical to our way of life, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) launched the Clean Fuels & Products ShotTM. The seventh initiative associated with DOE’s Energy EarthshotsTM, this Shot focuses on decarbonizing the fuel and chemical industry through alternative sources of carbon to advance cost-effective technologies with a minimum of 85% lower GHG emissions by 2035.

The Shot aims to dramatically decarbonize the transportation and chemical industries through a staged research, development, and demonstration strategy that will provide the technologies necessary to cut GHGs, establish the United States as a world leader in clean fuel and clean carbon-based chemical production, create and maintain new high-quality jobs, and provide enhanced energy security with robust domestic supply chains.

This Shot has the potential to meet significant portions of projected fuel demands in 2050 using sustainable carbon resources, including:

  • 100% of aviation fuel
  • 50% maritime fuel
  • 50% off-road fuel
  • 50% carbon-based chemicals.

Ultimately, the Clean Fuels & Products ShotTM could eliminate more than 650 million metric tons (MMT) of carbon dioxide equivalent per year and make a critical reduction in GHG emissions on our pathway to net-zero emissions by 2050.

The transportation and industrial sectors remain the most difficult to decarbonize. Fuel sources for long-haul travel (shipping via air, water, or rail) must be energy-dense to be economically practical. The chemical industry has historically relied on high emitting, energy-intensive processes for production of everyday materials. The Shot identifies the ambitious shifts these sectors need to achieve net-zero emissions by 2050.


“High emitting energy intensive processes” should insert the words “low cost.”

You can dream of a better day if you like but low cost green energy is an essential ingredient.

If green energy remains expensive expect investment to lag.


A calculator in 1975 cost $75. Now the same simple limited calculator costs $3 if the store can get that much.

Solar and batteries are going closer to that.

I agree we have to have a deflationary energy policy.

People will be and have been early adapters at higher costs.

Regulations will make non-green energy expensive!

Tesla and other consumer products shows that many people will spend more to save the environment and for health living.

Look at all the money Californians are puring into renewable energy, batteries, and EVs. Look at all the money Texans are pouring into renewable energy - surpassing California.