I know much more about individual European countries than I do about the European Union. Here’s a good article with some explanations.
**Europe Is in Danger. It Always Is.Europe Is in Danger. It Always Is.**
**By Caroline de Gruyter, The New York Times, May 2, 2022**
**The European Union has a federal, statelike construction that should be strong enough to defend common European interests in the face of geopolitical adversity. It has an executive (the Commission), a parliament representing citizens, a senate representing states (the Council), an independent court of justice, a central bank and even a common border guard. This sturdy federal architecture is the bedrock of Europe’s stability.**
**In practice, however, it’s not like the federal structures in America or Germany. In Brussels, the de facto capital of the union, member states make most of the decisions. When European heads of state and government meet, they do so as national leaders. They are elected to act in the interests not of Europe but of their own nations. ... [** This sounds a lot like the U.S. under the Articles of Confederation after the Revolutionary War. – W]
**But the downside to this approach is that by seeking consensus on almost every issue, Europe becomes as strong only as its weakest link. Leaders regularly make half-baked decisions because some countries refuse to go further, with results that do not always meet Europe’s real needs....**
**...defense union...energy union ... fiscal as well as monetary union (ECB) ... Recognizing the need for bolstered unity, a group of European intellectuals last week even called for a United States of Europe....** [end quote]
It’s a pretty radical step to go from the EU to a USE. But it was a radical step to go from the Articles of Confederation to the Constitution, and there are plenty of “states rights” supporters (as opposed to Federalists) in the U.S. to this day.
Time will tell.