Germany’s energy transition to green, renewable sources has run into trouble, according to a recent report from McKinsey.
Germany is off track regarding many areas of its famed energy transition, with several indicators either “unrealistic” or at risk, consultancy firm McKinsey found in its biannual “Energy Transition Index”. The outlook for the transport sector improved slightly with nearly 2 million electric cars on the country’s roads in April - but the figure should be more than double that if the country is to achieve its 15-million target by 2030. Renewable energy in the heating and cooling sectors also increased in 2022 but still by too little to achieve climate ambitions. Greenhouse gas emissions fell by 14 megatons (Mt) of CO2 equivalents in 2022 on the previous year, but McKinsey emphasised that they are not dropping quickly enough and need to fall by 44 Mt per year.
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As noted in other threads, since shutting down the last of its nuclear power plants, Germany is now a net importer of electricity. The country has also reduced output from its coal-fired power plants in recent months. For instance, during the month of August, Germany imported about 14% of its electricity.
Going from a net exporter of electricity to a net importer is one way to reduce CO2 emissions inside Germany, I suppose. But if they are importing power generated from coal or natural gas combustion, is it really a reduction in emissions?
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In other news, the German ministry for economic affairs and climate action (BMWK) is examining if brown coal power plants need to be reactivated in preparation for the coming winter.