German horse trade (cow trade?)

A Nuclear Horse Trade for Germany?
www.wsj.com/articles/a-nuclear-horse-trade-for-germany-autob…
This is what passes for an energy-security debate in Berlin these days. Politicians and some pronuclear media outlets are floating the idea of a grand horse trade (Kuhhandel, or “cow trade” in German) that would see the lives of the country’s three remaining nuclear reactors extended after all, in exchange for introducing a highway speed limit to save gasoline and diesel.

Like many political compromises, this would leave everyone unhappy. The free-market Free Democratic Party, part of the ruling coalition, and the opposition Christian Democrats enthuse over nuclear power but hate a speed limit. The eco-left Green Party, also part of the coalition, hates nuclear but loves the speed limit. Chancellor Olaf Scholz’s Social Democrats, nominally the ruling party, can’t decide what they think about either.

This is no way to protect energy security in Europe’s largest economy. It’s clear on the merits that Germany can’t afford to scrap its remaining nuclear power plants, which provide about 6% of its electricity. Europe is facing a severe gas shortage thanks to Vladimir Putin’s energy blackmail, and coal and nuclear are the only alternatives to increasingly unreliable Russian supplies of natural gas.

DB2

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This is no way to protect energy security in Europe’s largest economy. It’s clear on the merits that Germany can’t afford to scrap its remaining nuclear power plants, which provide about 6% of its electricity. Europe is facing a severe gas shortage thanks to Vladimir Putin’s energy blackmail, and coal and nuclear are the only alternatives to increasingly unreliable Russian supplies of natural gas.

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You are forgetting that wind, solar, biomass, hydro, geothermal, can easily make up the 6% in Germany.

Jaak

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You are forgetting that wind, solar, biomass, hydro, geothermal, can easily make up the 6% in Germany.

I don’t think they are, at least on the time scale of this coming winter. They are pretty much locked into what they have.

IIRC, nat gas generates more electricity in Germany than nuclear. Thus, not removing the 6% electricity contribution from nuclear frees up an equivalent amount of nat gas to be used for heating or industrial production.

DB2

IIRC, nat gas generates more electricity in Germany than nuclear. Thus, not removing the 6% electricity contribution from nuclear frees up an equivalent amount of nat gas to be used for heating or industrial production.

DB2

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Maybe you not read that Germany is going flat out to increase renewables and going to use coal to makeup for natural gas shortages. Germany is also preparing to receive LNG through the EU natural gas piping system and floating LNG terminals.

Jaak

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Maybe you not read that Germany is going flat out to increase renewables and going to use coal to makeup for natural gas shortages. Germany is also preparing to receive LNG through the EU natural gas piping system and floating LNG terminals.

Winter is coming and the Germans need an ‘all of the above’ strategy. LNG terminals will be ready in a couple of years; the ‘Easter Package’ proposal from the Greens and Social Democrats wanted an additional 10GW of capacity this year – 7GW solar and 3GW wind – from wind and solar (and the Free Democrats had their doubts).
www.cleanenergywire.org/news/germany-boosts-renewables-bigge…

Solar in Germany has a capacity factor of about 10% and even less in winter. The onshore wind capacity factor has never exceeded 25%. So being generous:

(0.08 x 7GW) + (0.23 x 3GW) = 0.56 + 0.69 = 1.25GW

The three nuclear reactors being shut down as this winter begins have a combined capacity of 4GW; with a capacity factor of 80% that will subtract 3.2GW.

Yes, more coal can be used for electricity but coal can’t replace nat gas for heating and for industrial production.

German chemical industry has no gas left to cut, warns association
www.reuters.com/markets/europe/german-chemical-industry-has-…

DB2

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…the ‘Easter Package’ proposal from the Greens and Social Democrats wanted an additional 10GW of capacity this year – 7GW solar and 3GW wind

In the first 6 months of 2022, Germany has added about 3 GW of new solar and less than a gigawatt of new wind. All of the new wind is on-shore. They haven’t built any new off-shore wind farms in a few years.

https://energy-charts.info/charts/installed_power/chart.htm?..

Last year, nuclear power produced 65,400 GWh. The small amount of new renewables isn’t nearly enough to replace that generation. They will probably just burn more coal, or maybe fire up the fuel oil peakers, assuming they can import the oil from somewhere.

https://energy-charts.info/charts/energy/chart.htm?l=en&…

  • Pete
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LNG terminals will be ready in a couple of years; the ‘Easter Package’ proposal from the Greens and Social Democrats wanted an additional 10GW of capacity this year – 7GW solar and 3GW wind – from wind and solar (and the Free Democrats had their doubts).

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There will be a new “Summer Package” that will revise these numbers.

Two floating LNG terminals will be available by end of 2022. Germany can receive nat gas from the LNG terminal in France, Belgium and Netherlands through the nat gas pipelines.

Coal can be used for electricity and replace nat gas for heating and for industrial production. Germany uses Combined Heat & Power (CHP) systems for heating.

Jaak

1 Like