Goofy I have been driving electric cars since 2014. There are multiple standards and plug types today. I am assuming you are not going to get an older used EV – and if you are, that is something I suggest you reconsider.
The most important first step is the electrical system in your residence. Yes you can plug a charger into a normal 15 amp wall plug. That is not a good idea except a one off situations such as you happen to be staying at an AirBnB for a few days. First off, the maximum charging rate from a normal wall plug will be from 2.5 to maybe 4.0 miles per hour of charging. (heavier cars need more power per mile. Different cars conversion from 110 AC to DC have different efficiencies.)
For most people the best approach is a dedicated 240 volt circuit. Different cars (Tesla, GM, Audi, Ford, Porsche, etc.) all offer different “chargers” you can use on their cars. You would be wiser to pick a system that is independent of car brand. As of 2024 - but probably late 2024 - two such standard plugs exist. One exists today & things are different in Japan and Europe.
One system is the J1772 plug and the other is the Tesla plug. J1772 systems can be purchased from dozens of suppliers - much like iPhone chargers can be purchased from dozens of suppliers. Do not purchase these based on price - beyond quality and durability, unless you speak electricity, you will find lots of stuff that is limited to a few miles per hour of charging. If you do go this way, you will get good quality by getting your J1772 adaptors/plugs for your XYZ car from an XYZ dealer.
As of yesterday virtually all car brands sold in the USA have announced support of the Tesla charger in 2024 (with adaptors that go between their cars and Tesla charging plugs) and for 2025 models by using a socket in their cars.
So to future proof yourself, I suggest a Tesla charger in your garage. It will work with a Tesla, if you pick that brand and it will work with any other EV you buy model year 2025 or later. Some 2024 cars will require an adaptor.
Note: I know nothing about the connections of plug in hybrids.
One thing lots of Tesla owners have learned over the years is wall plugs come in more than 1 quality level. If you go with installation of a NEMA 1450 plug make darn sure you get a commercial level outlet - not the stuff you find at Home Depot or Lowes. Two problems happen over time with the lower cost electrical plugs. #1. The contacts do corrode resulting in resistive heating which causes more corrosion. Eventually the system get really hot and does result in exciting, smoky failures. #2. Less likely today, but possible. If people decide to unplug their charging cable so it is in the car if needed, after some number of pluging/unplugging cycles the outlet connection just get loose - with the 40 Amp 240 loads this also generate excessive heat and eventually destroys the plug – like fire and smoke when it happens.
Tesla has learned a lot of stuff over the years and their equipment is rock solid. Regardless of car brand, I suggest getting a Tesla charger. Link below. Placement in the garage matters. Tesla ports on on the left rear corner – much like gasoline pipe locations. Porsche has charging ports behind both front fenders. Ford’s Mustang left front corner. Check other brand’s charger location(s). Eventually all the plugs will be similarly located, but not in my lifetime.
This is what I use - it is on a 50 amp 240 volt circuit and if I run it all the max power, is charges my car at a rate of 28 miles per hour. Hence the general EV recommendation - when you park in the garage, plug the car unless you know you will be leaving before you go to bed at night.